Weathered Wood Logs in the Road Chopped Firewood

Best Management Practices (BMPs)

Reducing the spread of invasive pests:

  • Firewood Best Management Practices

    Firewood Best Management Practices

    Choose firewood sources close to where you will be using the wood to avoid transporting pests or diseases to new, uninfested areas. Cut wood from late summer to late fall to minimize the risk of obtaining firewood infested with pests that emerge in the spring and early summer months. Familiarize yourself with laws and regulations regarding cutting and transporting firewood. Contact your county agricultural commissioner or state or federal forester for information. Debark the wood at the cutting site whenever practical as many pests reside in bark. Chip or grind unused wood and bark to a particle size of less than 1 inch when possible to eliminate most tree-killing insects.

  • Risk of Invasive Species Movement on Wood Products Other than Firewood

    Risk of Invasive Species Movement on Wood Products Other Than Firewood

    Pests and pathogens can be spread via the transport of unprocessed logs and other wood products to woodworkers, lumber and veneer mills, or other user groups. An outbreak of laurel wilt was linked to the transportation of infested redbay wood by an amateur woodworker. Thousand cankers disease, which infects black walnut, has been accidentally introduced several places via the woodworking and veneer industries.



    BMPs for Arborists and Tree Care Workers

    Reducing the Spread of Invasive Insects and Pathogens in Cut Wood Invasive insects and diseases are threatening numerous tree species throughout the country. Impacts include tree mortality, destruction of forest and urban habitats, and other significant changes in forest ecosystems due to the decline or elimination of tree species. Many of these pests can be transported in minimally-processed wood, including firewood and wood left behind from tree care operations. Preventing the spread of these pests to new areas is a principal means of protecting valuable forest resources.


  • BMPs for Preventing the Spread of Goldspotted Oak Borer (GSOB)

    BMPs for Preventing the Spread of Goldspotted Oak Borer (GSOB)

    Transporting GSOB-infested logs or firewood can introduce GSOB into un-infested areas. These BMPs were developed to help landowners and the firewood industry safely utilize wood from within a known infestation area.