Weathered Wood Logs in the Road Chopped Firewood



    • BenDor, T.K.
    • S.S. Metcalf
    • L.E. Fontenot
    • B. Sangunett
    • B. Hannon
    • 2006
    Modeling the spread of the Emerald Ash Borer

    Recently, an invasive Asian beetle known as the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis Coleoptera: Buprestidae) has emerged as a threat to ash trees in the Midwestern United States and Canada [McCullough, D.G., Katovich, S.A., 2004. Pest Alert: Emerald Ash Borer. United States Forest Service, Northeastern Area. NA-PR-02-04]. Significant infestations in Michigan and nearby areas have all but doomed nearly 1 billion native ash trees. However, surrounding regions may still be able to prevent tree damage from occurring at the scale once inflicted by Dutch elm disease in the 1970s. This paper presents an argument for the establishment of a widely accessible knowledgebase of information on the EABs spread capabilities. We argue that spatial dynamic modeling stands as a flexible and powerful decision support system platform. We present initial simulations of EAB spread scenarios constructed using tree information and land use data collected for DuPage County, IL, an uninfected suburban county in the Chicago metropolitan area. These simulations test policies focused on impeding the costly spread of the beetle. This analysis also presents a framework for further studies assessing the economic impacts on municipalities and counties due to tree removal costs and aesthetic damage. Our work points to human driven movement as the major vector for EAB spread throughout our study area. Here, the focus falls on the ability of state and county implemented firewood quarantines to act as effective policies for slowing EAB spread.

  • Emerald ash borer in North America: a research and regulatory challenge. American Entomologist
    51(3): 152-165.

    • Cappaert, David
    • McCullough, Deborah G.
    • Poland, Therese M.
    • Siegert, Nathan W.
    • 2005
  • Firewood initiative of the Continental Dialogue on Non-Native Forest Insects and Diseases. Proceedings of the 2008 Firewood Forum, Northeastern Area, State and Private Forestry.

    • Ellis, J.
    • 2008
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  • Firewood use in Idaho: implications for forest management. Journal of Forestry 83(1): 36-39(4).

    • Force, J.E.
    • 1985

    A survey shows that, demographically, firewood collectors on national forests in Idaho are fairly typical of Idahoans in general, if somewhat wealthier. The most important reason they collect firewood is to save money. However, the statewide average of 50.5 miles driven one way, each trip, to obtain an average of 5.9 cords of wood—and other collecting behaviors reported—challenges this motive. Contrary to many forest managers' belief that recreation is the primary motivation, respondents said recreation was the least important. Forest management decisions regarding permit fee structure, availability of wood, and collecting practices could have important consequences for collectors.